Trinidad and Tobago facts


    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    Name origin
    Trinidad’s indigenous name was Cairi, an Arawakan term that was meant ‘the island’. Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Trinidad on 31 July 1498 and renamed it "La Isla de la Trinidad" ("The Island of the Trinity") Columbus reported seeing Tobago on the distant horizon in 1498, naming it Bellaforma, but did not land on the island. Tobago got its present name from its resemblance to a tobacco pipe (tavaco) used by local natives.
    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    Rich country

    Trinidad and Tobago is the third richest country by GDP (PPP) per capita in the Americas after the United States and Canada. It is recognised as a high-income economy by the World Bank.
    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    National birds
    Trinidad and Tobago has two national birds, one for each of the country’s two islands. Trinidad is represented by the Scarlet Ibis. Tobago, on the other hand, has the Rufous-vented Chachalaca, known locally as the Cocrico after its loud calls that echo throughout Tobago at dusk and dawn.
    Trinidad and Tobago facts


    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    Capital city
    Trinidad and Tobago is the only country whose capital city is named after another country. The Port of Spain was founded near the site of the Amerindian fishing village of Cumucurapo ("place of the silk cotton trees") Early Spanish settlers have established a port hand called it "Puerto de España" (Port of Spain) Currently it is the country's third-largest city, after Chaguanas and San Fernando.
    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    Trinidad and Tobago facts
    National airline

    Caribbean Airlines is the national airline of Trinidad and Tobago. It is the largest airline in the Caribbean.
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    Trinidad and Tobago facts